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我想登录博猫游戏平台·儿科前沿快讯 | 怀孕期间母亲接触阻燃剂,儿童智商会降低?

2020-01-11 16:56:18| |查看: 1872

[摘要] empr 母亲怀孕期接触阻燃化学品与儿童低智商相关《环境健康展望杂志》上的一项研究发现:母亲在怀孕期间接触过多溴联苯醚阻燃化学品的儿童,比未接触者的iq评分要低。这项研究是基于3000对母婴数据得出,该研究也发现:怀孕期间母亲接触阻燃剂的量每增加十倍儿童智商下降3.7分。

我想登录博猫游戏平台·儿科前沿快讯 | 怀孕期间母亲接触阻燃剂,儿童智商会降低?

我想登录博猫游戏平台,哺乳期母亲的膳食对婴儿有何影响?儿童睡眠长短有差别吗?……还有哪些令人期待的儿科研究,敬请关注每周《社区儿童家庭医疗》制作的【儿科前沿快讯】!

主编|石应珊医师,美国芝加哥大学医学院,科墨尔 (comer)儿童医院

编缉|daniel f. camacho, ms, md/phd candidate, 美国芝加哥大学医学院

来源|aap smartbrief, medlineplus, and jama pediatrics

校审|彭咏梅教授 上海市妇幼保健中心

翻译|聂雅娟, 上海复旦大学附属儿科医院信息中心

哺乳期母亲膳食会影响婴儿对食物的偏好

《美国临床营养学杂志》上的一项研究发现:哺乳期母亲食用不同类型蔬菜汁的婴儿比没有接触过蔬菜汁的婴儿更喜欢吃胡萝卜味的谷物。研究还显示,与那些母亲较晚开始食用蔬菜汁和母亲喝饮用水的婴儿相比,在出生2周就接触蔬菜口味的婴儿增加和加快对胡萝卜风味谷物的摄入。

healthday news (8/4)

研究发现儿童睡眠时间越短染色体端粒越短

《儿科学杂志》上的研究报道表明:睡眠时间越短的青少年染色体端粒越短,这预示着细胞衰老的速度越快。这项涉及美国1567名9岁儿童的研究也显示:每晚睡眠时间每减少1小时,端粒的长度会缩短1.5%。

ctv.ca (canada)/relaxnews

fda警告阿育吠陀等中草药有导致铅中毒的危险

在美国北卡罗来纳州卫生部的一份报告显示balguti kesaria、kesaria balguti和ayurvedic三种用于治疗咳嗽感冒、佝偻病、寄生虫和婴儿出牙的阿育吠陀等中草药中铅含量升高后,美国联邦食品和药物管理局(fda)警告父母和孩子带养人避免给婴幼儿和儿童服用这三种药物。

empr

母亲怀孕期接触阻燃化学品与儿童低智商相关

《环境健康展望杂志》上的一项研究发现:母亲在怀孕期间接触过多溴联苯醚阻燃化学品的儿童,比未接触者的iq评分要低。这项研究是基于3000对母婴数据得出,该研究也发现:怀孕期间母亲接触阻燃剂的量每增加十倍儿童智商下降3.7分。

san francisco chronicle (tiered subscription model)

基因检测有望确定早期癫痫的病因

《美国医学会儿科杂志》的一项研究显示:基因检测发现40%儿童早期癫痫病因与特定遗传因素相关,基因检测还可诊断25%未知原因的癫痫。《jama儿科学杂志》上的研究还表明,与染色体微阵列相比,癫痫基因测序组和全基因外显子测序明显增加诊断率,并促使研究人员建议将遗传测序检测纳入早期癫痫发作的常规初步评估中。

physician's briefing/healthday news

联合报告: 没有国家符合母乳喂养标准的推荐

世界卫生组织、世界儿童基金会和全球母乳喂养团体的一份联合报告显示:所有194个国家都不符合推荐的母乳喂养标准,6个月内纯母乳喂养的婴儿仅占40%,纯母乳喂养率超过60%以上的国家仅有23个。报告还显示:到2025年将母乳喂养率提高到50%,将防止52万年幼儿童死亡,并在未来十年内获得3000亿美元的经济收益。

thomson reuters foundation

以下文章为上述资讯的原文:

maternal diet during breast-feeding may influence infant food preferencesa study in the american journal of clinical nutrition found babies whose mothers consumed different types of vegetable juice when breast-feeding were more likely to eat carrot-flavored cereal than those who weren't exposed. the research also showed increased and quicker carrot-flavored cereal consumption among those whose vegetable flavor exposure started at age 2 weeks, compared with those whose mothers began juicing later and those who drank water.healthday news (8/4)

less sleep tied to shorter telomeres among children, study finds youths with shorter sleep lengths had shorter telomeres, which is associated with faster aging at the cellular level, compared with those with longer sleep duration, researchers reported in the journal of pediatrics. the findings, based on data involving 1,567 9-year-olds across the us, showed that every hour less of sleep per night was tied to 1.5% shorter telomere length. ctv.ca (canada)/relaxnews

fda warns about lead poisoning risk from ayurvedic herbal medicinethe fda warned parents and caregivers to avoid administering balguti kesaria or kesaria balguti, an ayurvedic herbal treatment for cough and cold, rickets, worms and teething in infants and youths, after a report from the north carolina health department showed elevated lead levels in the product. empr

prenatal exposure to flame retardant chemicals tied to lower iq in childhoodyouths whose mothers were exposed to flame retardant chemicals called polybrominated diphenyl ethers during pregnancy had lower iq scores compared with those whose mothers weren't exposed, according to a study in environmental health perspectives. the findings, based on data involving about 3,000 mother-child pairs from previous studies, found that every tenfold increase in women's exposure during pregnancy was linked to a 3.7-point decrease in their children's iq. san francisco chronicle (tiered subscription model)

genetic testing shows promise in determining cause of early-life epilepsyresearchers found that genetic testing tied 40% of early-life epilepsies in young children to specific genetic factors and gave a diagnosis in 25% of those whose epilepsy had an otherwise unknown cause. the findings in jama pediatrics also show significantly greater diagnostic yields with epilepsy gene-sequencing panels and whole-exome sequencing, compared with chromosomal microarray, prompting researchers to suggest the inclusion of genetic-sequencing tests in routine initial assessments of early-life epilepsies. physician's briefing/healthday news

report: no country meets recommended breast-feeding standards the world health organization, unicef and the global breastfeeding collective reported that all 194 countries failed to comply with all recommended breast-feeding standards, with only 40% of infants younger than age 6 months being exclusively breast-fed and only 23 countries having exclusive breast-feeding rates exceeding 60%. the report also showed that increasing the breast-feeding rate to 50% by 2025 would prevent the deaths of 520,000 young children and yield $300 billion in economic gains within the next decade. thomson reuters foundation

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